Koppal Zilla Panchayath is a body constituted under the Karnataka Panchayath Raj Act, 1993. The Zilla Panchayath is a body corporate and is assigned a legal status. The Zilla Panchayath is entrusted with execution of development schemes, providing civic functions in rural areas and looking after the duties of the government delegated in respect of certain departments as per the schedule of the Act.
Structure and Functions of Zilla Panchayats in the light of the three-tier panchayat Raj System in Karnataka State.
The Deputy Commissioner (DC), under the General Order or Special Orders of the Government may declare any area comprising a village or group of villages having a population not more than 7,000 to be a panchayat. He/she may, after a previous publication, declare such an area as a panchayat for the purpose of Karnataka Panchayati Raj (KPR) Act 1993 and also specify its headquarters. In case of a district like Belgaum and Chikamagalur, the Government may order that an area with a population of not less than 2,500 may be so declared as a panchayat.
Under Sections 119(1) and 158(1) of the KPR Act, 1993, for each taluk, there shall be a Taluk Panchayat (TP) and for each district there shall be a Zilla Panchayat (ZP), having jurisdiction over the entire taluk and district, respectively. The Constitution of a Grama Panchayat, Taluk Panchayat and Zilla Panchayat includes elected members and also ex-officio members.
There shall be constituted, for each district, a Zilla Panchayat having jurisdiction over the entire district excluding such portions of the district as are included in smaller urban areas or are under the authority of Municipal Corporations, a Town Panchayat or an Industrial Township, constituted under any law for the time being in force (substituted by Act 29 of 1997 w.e.f. 20.10.1997) Provided that a Zilla Panchayat may have its office in any area comprised within the excluded portion of the district and in such area may exercise its powers and functions over schools and other institutions under its control or management.
Every Zilla Panchayat shall consist of the elected members as determined under Section 160, the members of the House of People and the members of the State Legislative Assembly representing a part or whole of the district, whose constituencies lie within the district, the members of the Council of State and the members of the State Legislative Council who are registered as electors within the district; and the Adhyakshas of Taluk Panchayats in the district.
The members of the House of People, the State Legislative Assembly, the Council of States and the Legislative Council and the Adhyaksha of Taluk Panchayat referred to in Clauses (ii), (iii) and (iv) of Subsection (1) shall be entitled to take part in the proceedings of, and vote at, the meetings of Zilla Panchayat, except at a special meeting convened for the purpose of election of Adhyakshas and Upadhyakshas under Subsection (1) of Section 177 or for considering a no confidence motion under Subsection (3) of Section 179 (substituted by Act 29 of 1997 w.e.f. 20.10.1997).
Notwithstanding anything contained in this Section or Sections 160, 161, and 162 but subject to any General or Special Orders of the Government, where two-thirds of the total number of members of any Zilla Panchayat required to be elected, have been elected, the Zilla Panchayat shall be deemed to have been duly constituted under this Act.
The elected members of the Zilla Panchayat shall consist of persons elected from the taluks in the district, the number of members to be elected from each taluk being fixed by the Government, in accordance with the scale of one member for 40,000 people or part thereof of the population (substituted by Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 1.10.2003): Provided that in the case of Uttara Kannada and Chickamagalur districts, it shall be one member for 30,000 or part thereof of the population and in the case of Kodagu district, it shall be one member for 18,000 or part thereof of the population.
Upon the publication of the figures of each census, the number of elected members of a Zilla Panchayat, on the basis of the population of the district as ascertained at the Census (shall be determined by the Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 1.10.2003): Provided that the determination of the number as aforesaid shall not affect the then composition of the Zilla Panchayat until the expiry of the term of office of the elected members then in office.
Seats in the Zilla Panchayat (shall be reserved by Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f.1.10.2003), for Scheduled Castes and for the Scheduled Tribes and number of seats so reserved shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of seats to be filled by direct elections in the Zilla Panchayat as the population of the Scheduled Castes in the district or of the Scheduled Tribes in the district bears to the total population of the district.
Such number of seats shall be one-third of the total number of seats in a Zilla Panchayat for persons belonging to the Backward Classes (Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 1.10.2003). The seats are reserved under this Subsection at 80 per cent of the total number of such seats for the persons falling under category „A‟ and the remaining 20 per cent of the seats for the persons falling under category „B‟ (substituted by Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 1.10.2003) and not less than one-third of the seats reserved for each category of persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes and those of the non-reserved seats in the Zilla Panchayat for women (Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 1.10.2003). The seats reserved under Subsections (1), (2) and (3) shall be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in the district.
In this section shall be deemed to prevent the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes or Backward Classes or women for whom seats have been reserved in a Zilla Panchayat from standing for election to the non-reserved seats in such Zilla Panchayat.
The area within the jurisdiction of every Zilla Panchayat, for the purpose of election to such Zilla Panchayat into as many signal member territorial constituencies as the number of members required to be elected under section 160, determine the extent of each territorial constituency which shall be a taluk or part of a taluk and determine the territorial constituency or constituencies in which seats are reserved for the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes and Women.(Act 29 of 1997 w.e.f.20.10.1997, 1999)
The seats are reserved for the Scheduled castes, Scheduled tribes, women and backward classes not only for contesting in the elections but also for the office of the Adhyaksha and Upadhyaksha. In Mysore district, the reservation of seats for all three tiers is as follows:
Under the KPR Act 1993, the seats are not only reserved in favour of SC, ST and Women but the same has been extended in favour of Backward Classes also. Under Section 5 of Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act, 1993, a Grama Panchayat shall consist only of elected members. However, the Grama Panchayats can co- opt to each committee one person amongst the members of farmers, Club, Mahila Mandals, Yuvak Mandals and other similar bodies recognized by the Government, which are not subject to any of the disqualifications under Section 12 of the Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act 1993.