Koppal District Profile & History

Introduction

Koppal, a newborn district of Karnataka state, carved out of Raichur District, came into existance on 01-04-1998. It is situated between 15* 09' 00" to 16* 03' 30" North Latitude and 75* 47' 30" to 76* 48' 10" East Longitude. It consists of four talukas viz : Koppal, Gangavathi, Kushtagi & Yelburga. Koppal district is surrounded by Raichur district in the east, Gadag district in the West, Bagalkot district in the north, Bellary district in the south. Koppal district headquarters is closest to the world heritage Hampi.

Koppal district is an administrative district in the state of Karnataka in India. In the past Koppal was referred to as 'Kopana Nagara'. Hampi, a World heritage center, covers some areas of Koppal District. It is situated approximately 38 km away. Anegundi, is also a famous travel destination.

Koppal District located in the northern interior of Karnataka has an area of 8,458 sq km. It is bounded by the districts of Raichur, Bagalkot, Gadag, and Bellary. Koppal district is the best seed production center in the state. Several national seed companies have seed production centres for flowers, fruits, vegetables and pulses here. Anegundi, Kanakagiri, Navabrindavana, and Kuknur are the important places to visit.

Geographically, Koppal is a stretch of rocky terrain on one side and acres of dry land on the other wherein agricultural crops like Jowar, Ground-nuts etc are grown.Farmers still use the old Bullock-Cart ploughing methods, depending mainly on the Monsoons which is a rarity in these parts of the world.However recently some of them have ventured into high-tech irrigational Farming especially after the Thunga-Bhadra river waters from the neighbouring town of Munirabad (20kms away with a huge Dam) is been redirected to the Town to solve its water problems. So, the current product crops are Pomegranites, Grapes and Figs (which are being exported)


History

The history of Koppal can be traced back to the kingdoms of Shathavahanas, Gangas, Hoysalas and Chalukya Dynasties. The name of the district i.e. "KOPPAL" is found in the poetic work of the great poet Kavirajamarga (During King Nrupathunga's time of 814-878 A.D.) as "VIDITHA MAHA KOPANA NAGARA". During Ashoka's period, the Jainism gained greater momentum in this region. Therefore, it was called "Jainkashi". In twelth century A.D. Veerashaivaism of Social Reformer Basaveshwara became popular. The present Gavi Math of Koppal has great attraction.

Anegundi of Gangavathi Taluk was the first capital of great Vijayanagara Dynasty. The old palace and fort still exist where annual festival called "Anegundi Utsava" is being celebrated in a befitting manner every year. The other important historical places of Koppal district are Itagi, Kukanoor, Madinoor, Indrakeela Parvatha, Kanakagiri, Pura, Chikkabenakal, Hirebenakal & Huligi.

Before Independence, Koppal was under the Nizam of Hyderabad. India got Independence on 15th August 1947, since Koppal was part of Hyderabad region, the people of the region had to struggle further to attain Independence from the clutches of Hyderabad Nizam. On 18th September, 1948, the Hyderabad-Karnataka got independence from Nizam. Since then until 01-04-1998, Koppal District was in Raichur District of Gulbarga Revenue Division. On 01-04-1998, Koppal district consisting of four taluks viz. Koppal, Gangavathi, Kushtagi & Yelburga came into being.


The administrative blocks in the district

  1. No. of Talukas : 4
  2. No. of Hoblis : 20
  3. No. of Inhabited villages : 594
  4. No. of Un-Inhabited Villages : 35
  5. No. of City & Muncipal Corporation/Councils/Town Panchayaths : 9
  6. No. of Gram Panchayaths : 153

Tourist Attraction

Temples of Koppal district, reflecting the typical south Indian pattern of architecture are some of the excellent tourist spots in Karnataka. Koppal district was formed after the division of Raichur district and is the best seed production center in the state. Places of interest in the district are Anegundi, Navabrindavana, Kanakagiri, and Kuknur.

Maadanoor Temple, one of the temples of Koppal district houses two bronze idols of Brahmayaksh and Padmavati of the 13th and 16th centuries. At the temple, one can also witness two bronze idols of Mulnayak Bhagvan Shantinath and Bhagvan Ajitnath. The temple with its tranquil and peaceful atmosphere attracts pilgrims from far and near. The temples of Koppal district have earned great popularity since their construction.

Anegundi

Anegundi (means "Elephant Pit" in Kannada) is one of the most ancient places of Koppal district is situated on the left bank of the river Tungabhadra. It is said that, Anegundi is the place where the elephants of the Vijayanagara kings were kept. Anegundi, believed to be the monkey kingdom of Kishkinda in the epic of Ramayana. Anjanadri hill, the birth place of Hanuman (the monkey-god), and the mountain Rishimuka are the other places near Anegundi associated with Ramayana. The Ranganatha Temple and the Huchchappayana Matha are worth a visit. The Pampa Sarovara, the Kamal Mahal and Nava Brindavana housing the mortal remains of famous saints, are the other attractions around Anegundi.

Pampa Sarovar Lake in Koppal District is 45 km from Hampi. Lying south of Tungabhadra River, it is awe-inspiring. Pampa Sarovar is considered one of the five greatest sarovars in India.

Kanakagiri

The old name of Kanakagiri town of Gangavathi taluk was Swarnagiri (means a "Hill of Gold"). It is said that Kanaka Muni, a saint, performed penance at this place. Kanakagiri was the headquarters of the southern area of the Mauryan Empire. During the Vijayanagar period, this was the chief town of the Bedar Rajas. Kanakachalapathi temple here is a specimen of the South Indian architecture of Vijayanagar times. The gopuram and walls have well-executed sculpture.

Kukanoor

Is a small town lying seven miles due north of Bannikoppa station on the Guntakal-Hubli railway line. The town, though now small, was an important place in the early and mediaeval days and is rich in antiquarian remains of the later Chalukyan style of architecture and these buildings range from the 8th to the 13th century A.D.The folklore speaks of this place as the legendary Kuntalapura of Mahabharata period. The Navalinga group of temples here represents early Chalukyan architecture. Two other important temples are Kalleshvara and Mallikarjuna.

Munirabad

In Koppal taluk, about eight kilo meters from Hospet, on the Hubli-Guntakal railway line and about 32 kilometers from Koppal District headquarters.Tungabhadra reservoir is the attraction of Munirabad in Koppal taluk. The Left Bank Canal from here, which passes through the Koppal, Gangavathi taluks, irrigates a large extent of agricultural lands in the district.

Koppal Fort

Is another important object of historical interest at Koppal. It is not known definitely by whom it was built. But it was acquired by Tippu Sultan in 1786 AD from a Paleyagar and rebuilt into one of the strongesxt forts with the help of French engineers.

Bahadur Bandi is situated at Koppal in Koppal District of Karnataka. It is an ancient cave temple of the Jains, built during the 11th century. The temple has magnificent idols of Tirthanakar and Brahmyaksh

Gundlavaddigeri is an ancient village in Koppal District. It was a big city prior to Vijaynagara period. A 12th century stone deed in Halegannada (old Kannada), belonging to the Vijaynagara dynasty has been excavated from here. According to this deed, a lake was built in this village for irrigation. Now there are many dry lakes in this village.

Maadanoor Temple is situated at Koppal in Koppal District of Karnataka, about 9 km from Bahadur Basadi. The temple houses two bronze idols of Brahmayaksh and Padmavati of the 13th and 16th centuries.

Gavimutha is an old and noted Veerashaiva Mutt situated close to Koppal Parshwanath Basadi at Koppal. The vicinity of this mutt was once the center of Jaina and Veerashaiva religion and culture. Gavimutha is associated with a saint called Gavisiddeshwara

Kinnal

About eight miles from Koppal, is noted for manufacture of toys and images by Chitragars. Weaving, preparing of combs from horns and pottery are the other industries of this place.

Itagi

Is about three miles from the south of the Bannikoppa railway station on the Gadag-Koppal line. This place is famous for the Mahadeva temple, which is one of the finest of the later Chalukyan temples. The temple, which faces east consists of a shrine with an ante-chamber, a closed hall with porches on either side of it towards the north and the south, and the pillared hall which is open at the sides.

Kanakagiri

Is an ancient place situated on the Gangavati-Lingasugur road, about 13 miles from Gangavati. Kanakagiri means a "Hill of God" and its old name was Swarnagiri with the same meaning. This place was probably the head quarters of the southern viceroyalty of the Mauryas.

Pura

Kotilinga Temple, Pura in Kushtagi taluk, about the five miles from Tavargera, Kotilinga Temple, Pura is noted for its fine and spacious temple of Someshwara which has Koti Lingas , where annually a big jatra(Fair) is held in the month of Shravana.

Salient Features of the District - Langauge |Soil|Rivers|Climate|Rainfall|Population|Occupation|Area

Soil

Koppal district is having partly red sandy and black cotton soil suitable for agriculture and horticulture crops Majority of Gangavathi taluk is having black soil. The taluk is also having very few hills with xerophilous vegetation. The partly red sandy soil and black soil of mixed geographical origin are found in the Yelburga taluk.

languages

The prominent language spoken is Kannada. Other languages like Marathi, Urdu, Telugu and Gujarati are also spoken by small portion of population.

Rivers

The Tungabhadra river is formed by union of two rivers, viz., the Tunga and the Bhadra, both of which rise at Gangamula in the Varaha Parvata of the Western Ghats. This is also a perennial river, very deep in certain places and almost unfordable even in the dry seoson. This river enters the district near Kesalapur village at the south-western tip of Koppal Taluk. The general slope of the land in the district being north-west to south-east, the Tungabhadra has a large number of rivulets and streams serving as tributaries. But none of these streams is of any great importance by itself and they generally go dry during the summer. There is Thungabhadra reservoir at Munirabad which is in the border of koppal taluk. The Tungabhadra river also is reputed as one of the important rivers of South India.

Climate & Rainfall

The climate of the district is very hot and dry. Hot season starts from middle of the February to end of May. Southwest maonoon ranges from June to end of September. Post monsoon is furing the October and November. Cold season is from December to middle of February. The average rainfall of the district is 572 mm and average rainy days are 46.

Population

The total population of Koppal district is 13.89 lakhs (as per 2011 census) among which 11.56 lakhs from rural area and 2.33 lakhs from Urban area. The district is having sex ratio of 986 per 1000 males. The leteracy level of the distrit is 68.09 Population Density is 250 per Sq.Km.

Occupation

The working population of Koppal district is 46.46% of the total population. The main workers population comprises of 35.37% of the total population and 11.08% is the marginal workers. Of the total working population 22.5%, 15.19% are cultivators and agricultural workers respectively. The workers population in the district indicates that cultivators and agricultural labours dominate dominate the total working population with 37.69%. The non-working population of the district is 53.54%.

Area & Land Utilisation Pattern

The total geographical area of Koppal district is 552495 hectares out of which forest area is 29451 hectares. Land not available for cultivation is 55497 hectares. Area sown is 500316 hectares.

Railway Station (SWR/South Western Railway Zone)

  • Banni Koppa Railway Station
  • Hitnal Railway Station
  • Sompur Road Railway Station
  • Bhanapur Railway Station
  • Koppal Railway Station
  • Ginigera Railway Station
  • Munirabad Railway Station

Bus Station

  • Gangavathi Bus Station
  • Koppal Bus Station
  • Kushtagi Bus Station
  • Karatgi Bus Station
  • Kuknur Bus Station